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We specialize in curtains for a variety of sizes. Our Napkin, their designs and creativity have been appreciated across the world, in a number of regions.
Which is why we at Hosho spend an enormous amount of time regarding every aspect this home textile.Especially the design.
The Napkin from Hosho are full of innovative, creative and cool designs.
Not just the usual designs you see everywhere on Napkin, but some really well thought out ones.
At Hosho, we also ensure that we have a dedicated focus on designs from within the firm, and do not outsource this important activity.
We specialize in curtains for a variety of sizes. Our Napkin, their designs and creativity have been appreciated across the world, in a number of regions.
Should you be interesting in procuring high quality and innovative Napkin from India that can attract exceptional demand in your market, talk to us.
All about Napkins
|Types of napkin - the various types of napkin are listed here||Indian textiles & home textiles manufacturing hubs|
Custom printed napkin
Natural linen napkin
Wedding table napkin
Cannonore / Kannur
Other towns in Gujarat such as Vapi and Anjar
In ancient Greece, Spartans used lumps of dough to wipe their hands at the dinner table. In Rome, two types of cloth napkins began to surface. The first napkin was called a sudaria, a pocket-sized handkerchief used for blotting the brow.
The first napkin was a lump of dough the Spartans called ‘apomagdalie’, a mixture cut into small pieces and rolled and kneeded at the table, a custom that led to using sliced bread to wipe the hands. In Roman antiquity, napkins known as sudaria and mappae were made in both small and large lengths. The sudarium, Latin for “handkerchief,” was a pocket-size fabric earned to blot the brow during meals taken in the warm Mediterranean climate. The mappa was a larger cloth spread over the edge of the couch as protection from food taken in a reclining position. The fabric was also used to blot the lips. Although each guest supplied his own mappa, on departure mappae were filled with delicacies leftover from the feast, a custom that continues today in restaurant “doggy bags.”
In the early Middle Ages, the napkin disappeared from the table and hands and mouths were wiped on whatever was available, the back of the hand, clothing, or a piece of bread. Later, a few amenities returned and the table was laid with three cloths approximately 4 to 6 feet long by 5 feet wide. The first cloth, called a couch (from French, coucher, meaning “to lie down”) was laid lengthwise before the master’s place. A long towel called a surnappe, meaning “on the cloth,” was laid over the couch; this indicated a place setting for an honored guest. The third cloth was a communal napkin that hung like a swag from the edge of the table. An example can be seen in The Last Supper by Dierik Bouts (1415-1475), which hangs in Saint Peter’s Church, Louvain, Belgium. In the late Middle Ages the communal napkin was reduced to about the size of our average bath towel.
The napkin had gone from a cloth laid on the table to a fabric draped over the left arm of a servant. The maitre d’ hotel, the man in charge of feasts, as a symbol of office and rank, draped a napkin from his left shoulder, and servants of lower rank folded napkins lengthwise over their left arms, a custom that continued into the eighteenth century. Today in the United States, the napkin is placed on the left of the cover. But in Europe, the napkin is often laid to the right of the spoon.
The napkin was a part of the ritual at medieval banquets. The ewerer, the person in charge of ablutions, carried a towel that the lord and his honored guests used to wipe their hands on. The Bayeux tapestry depicts a ewerer kneeling before the high table with a finger bowl and napkin. The panter carried a portpayne, a napkin folded decoratively to carry the bread and knife used by the lord of the manor, a custom that distinguished his space from those of exalted guests. The folded napkin was placed on the left side of the place setting; the open end faced the lord. The spoon was wrapped in another napkin, and a third napkin was laid over the first and second napkins. To demonstrate that the water for ablutions was not poisoned, the marshal or the cup bearer kissed the towel on which the lord wiped his hands and draped the towel over the lord’s left shoulder for use.
By the seventeenth century, the standard napkin was approximately 35 inches wide by 45 inches long, a capacious size that accommodated people who ate with their fingers. Essentially, napkins were approximately one-third the breadth of the tablecloth.
The acceptance of the fork in the eighteenth century by all classes of society brought neatness to dining and reduced the size of the napkin to approximately 30 inches by 36 inches. Today, the napkin is made in a variety of sizes to meet every entertainment need: large for multicourse meals, medium for simple menus, small for afternoon tea and cocktails.
Around 1740, the tablecloth was made with matching napkins. According to Savary des Bruslons, “Twelve napkins, a large tablecloth and a small one, comprise what is called these days a ‘table service.'”
Source Credit: Food Reference
For over six hundred years, the European culture of using table napkins has, in fact, been an evolutionary process. What is now a custom, taken for granted, is actually a tradition rich in ceremony, etiquette and history.
The first documentation for cleaning ones soiled fingers is attributed to the Spartans, in ancient Greece, who used apomagdlies – small pieces of dough rolled and kneaded between the hands.
Altar tablecloths and large towel rolls hung on a wall for communal use were the predecessors to the napkin. Ancestor to the first cloth napkins, as credited to the Romans, was the Sudarium. A small cloth, similar to a handkerchief, used to wipe ones brow. Mappas, made of fine silks and linens with embroideries of gold and weaves of color, were brought by each guest to the hosts table, for which leftovers were placed in for the journey home.
As flags begin races today, the Romans tossed a mappa into an arena as a signal for the games to begin.
Touailles, towel size communal cloths, folded lengthwise, date to the Middle Ages to indicate a servant’s rank at Court. Draped over the left shoulder indicated a high rank, as today’s Maitre’D, verses over the left arm for a lower rank, as today’s waiter. A Surnappe or long towel was at the guest of honors place, while an ewerer carried a communal napkin the size of a bath towel for the other guests.
Charles VII, 1422 Coronation in Reims, France records the gift and use of napkins. Reims, renowned for its fabrics, wove the linens to tell a story. A sign of wealth and position, from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century, flax was the most used fiber.
The Italians preferred finer cloths and developed Damask. During the Renaissance, Damask told stories of Court society. “To spin a tale” derives from storied Damask. It was the Italians who introduced the fork to England thus precipitating their use of napkins as well.
The English diaper of cotton or linen fabric woven with small, repetitious, diamond shape patterns varied in size according to the events for which they were used.
A folded, decorative napkin called a portpayne held the bread and knife used by the lord of the Manor. It was always folded to the left of the plate with the open end facing the lord, an example for today’s etiquette.
Linen was considered more valuable than furniture to the settlers of the early American Colonies. Records indicate that John Payne, in 1677, owned one dozen napkins and in 1698, George Washington’s great grandfather inventoried 10 old Virginia cloth napkins. George Washington was accustomed to dining in the English traditions, including his love for teatime.
It is noted that for a brief time, in the late 1770s, napkins disappeared allowing diners to use the edge of the tablecloth to wipe their mouths. This, however, did not last with fashionable hostesses and the napkin fast reappeared. After all, the term civility was introduced, in 1530 Amsterdam, in Erasmus book De Civilitale Morum Puerilium and it stated that napkins were not for wiping ones teeth or nose but to press against the lips with the tips of ones fingers.
It is interesting to note that as the rules of etiquette became more structured, napkins became smaller.
The multiple explanations of linen fabrications, embellishments, stitching, sizes and etiquette are a book onto itself.
Pre Revolution French linens were always white Damask, matching the napkins to the cloth. The ritual of white for table wares stems from the sacred meal only, followed by the monastic meal and then the secular. On formal occasions at Court, gold embroidery added embellishment to the linens. To this day, the custom of gold embroidery on white matching cloths holds true at dinners of State at the White House and official receptions worldwide.
Throughout history, the colors of threads and embellishments to linens reflected the time and position of those who commissioned them. To use gold, red or yellow indicated the head of a Royal house.
In turn, silk thread monograms were used only by Royalty and nobility. Only the King’s monogram could be embroidered, all others were stamped. By the nineteenth century, to imitate the aristocracy embroidered monograms came into fashion for all who could afford them.
Monograms were placed on linens, silver and crystal in lieu of a coat of arms. It is customary for a monogram to appear on a folded napkin in one of three places: The center of a square, the bottom tip of a triangle or the lower right corner of a rectangle or square.
Napkin rings were used to identify an individual’s napkin. After each meal the same fabric napkin would be replaced in the ring until used again. Today, napkin rings are a decorative accessory.
Napkins are never scented. A truly formal table has only one correct placement for a napkin, to the left side of the place setting. The napkin should be folded with the closed edge to the left and the open edge to the right. There are no exceptions. This rule applies for rectangular, triangular, and square shape folds. Note: while once customary at less formal affairs to allow a fancy folded napkin to be placed in the center of the place setting, as protocols have evolved it is now acceptable to place a napkin in the center of a place setting at formal affairs
Contrary to recent “experts” advise, there is never a proper moment for one to place their napkin on a chair. The proper protocol when excusing oneself from the table, whether during or after a dining experience, is to gently place the napkin to the left side of your place setting. This rule is not negotiable for the simple reason if one’s napkin were soiled it could damage ones clothing or the seat covering, damage that may be either costly to repair or irreplaceable. While the risk for soiling a cloth also exists, the cloth can be laundered with relative ease.
Upon completion of a dining experience, a napkin folded with a crease and placed to the left side of your place setting indicates to your host or hostess that you wish to be invited back.
A Brief History of Napkin Folding
There is no doubt that the development of napkin folding has been greatly influenced by Origami, the ancient Japanese art of paper folding. I would go as far as saying that it is an extension of this noble art, after all it does give the same pleasure and satisfaction to the creator.
We must not overlook the Napkin Ring although it has no bearing to the Art of Napkin Folding but it has played a considerable part in table enhancement.
The usage of a napkin ring or a serviette holder started in Europe during the Napoleonic period. Mostly used by bourgeoisie’s family as a mean to identify who each napkin belonged to. The practical use of the napkin ring soon spread throughout the western world and it is still widely used today and well integrated as part of the table setting — a good alternative to napkin folding.
There is nothing retro about Napkin Folding, like Origami it is a creative art form.
Napkins today are mundane and practical, made from paper or cheap factory cloth and folded, if at all, hastily into a rectangle. In the past, napkins weren’t just for wiping hands or protecting clothing — they were works of art.
Charlotte Birnbaum, who along with folding artist Joan Sallas co-created a history of napkin art in the book The Beauty of the Fold, says the change from “folded cloth to folded art” occurred in 16th century Florence, Italy. It had become fashionable for the wealthy to wear voluminous clothing and ballooned sleeves.
That bigger and more extravagant thinking soon spread to table linens, too. Napkins became bigger and bigger and, instead of putting a big pile of cloth like a bed sheet on the plate in front of guests, Birnbaum says, “they started to fold it.”
Starched linens were pleated into large table centerpieces known as “triumphs.” They depicted real or mythical animals, natural elements such as trees and architectural shapes that resembled castles or fountains. In addition to being a display of wealth, there was meaning hidden inside the folds.
Soon these detailed napkin sculptures spread throughout European courts, explains Birnbaum. They became status symbols, and the depth of their artistry became an ongoing competition among hosts. Butlers were sent to Rome and Florence to learn the latest techniques.
The era of the grand folded napkin came to an end during the 18th century. “The folded napkins started as an aristocratic phenomenon and finished with the guillotining of aristocrats during the French Revolution,” Sallas explains. However, a more modest variation survives in the form of individual napkins.
Source Credit: NPR
The History and Techniques of Napkin Folding
It is quite astonishing to read about the golden age of European napkin folding, when “Nuremberg was the home of an entire school devoted to the art,” butlers had shelves of “how-to” manuals to stay up-to-date with the rapid pace of fold innovation, and Samuel Pepys paid an expert 40 shillings to teach his wife the craft.
The napkins, frequently perfumed with rose water, were not only used to protect clothing and to wipe one’s mouth: the eye-catching folded fabric was often designed to accommodate other decorative and utilitarian elements of the table, like place cards, menus, and toothpicks. Or to present eggs, sweets, or bread rolls in an elegant and playful manner. Sometimes beautiful songbirds were hidden in the napkins to charm the guests as they, twittering and fluttering their little wings, made their delightful escape.
At grand banquets such as coronation celebrations, the importance was not so much on taste and appetite as on ingenuity and display; the meal was not intended to feed so much as delight the senses and impress the guest with the host’s wealth and status.
Sallas, a Catalan artist who came to Germany to work as a cartoonist, fell into napkin-folding after a contract to illustrate three yoyo-trick books gave him the idea to pitch one on how to fold. Despite the fact that the resulting book was a commercial disaster, he tells Birnbaum that he “had so much fun that I decided to change my profession, and, since 2000, I’ve been a professional folding artist.”
Sallas trained himself by re-reading obscure treatises and reverse-engineering the napkin sculptures he found in historical banquet descriptions, and dreams of opening a folding museum “somewhere in Europe.”
However, his folding is not simply a revival of lost traditions: Sallas tells Birnbaum that the art of the fold is currently “undergoing huge developments,” as an understanding of the possibilities of the form can be used to “build an airbag or satellites, research DNA, discover new medications, question Euclidean mathematics, reproduce philosophical thought.” His own ambitions include developing “the erotic and even pornographic side of the art of folding,” complete with a “dance of the seven folded napkins.”
In a era when folding software allows almost anyone to prototype new designs almost instantaneously (leading to what origami enthusiasts called the Bug Wars of the 1990s, when folders competed to create paper models of ever more complex species), this slim and beautifully designed book is a wonderful reminder of a lost European tradition of napkin folding, and its origins in gastronomy.
Source Credit: Edible Geography
We agree that in today’s event world, it is evident that the clean lined, modern style is the current trend as mentioned above. Here by the beautiful ocean in Florida, we’re mostly seeing two styles of napkin folds. One is the pocket fold, and you can see below a photo by Cat Pennenga of this popular fold being used at the Manatee Garden Club this past Saturday night. The clever bride tucked her gorgeous wedding menu into the pocket for an extra special touch.
The other style is the folding of a napkin similar to how you would a dish towel and draping it over the side of the table to the seat of the chair and securing it with a bread and butter plate or charger. We actually don’t even know if there is a name for this style of napkin fold. Please enlighten us if you happen to have heard of its name! It’s also a handy style when you’re outside and don’t want the wind to blow your napkins off the table and onto the ground. See below a photo of this napkin look at Selby Botanical Gardens.
Some of the most popular napkin folds in the US include the following, and there are lots of examples of these folds you can find such as in event planning books, wedding magazines and on the internet:
- Bishop’s Hat
- Diagonal pocket
- Dress Shirt
As you can see, napkin folds are all so stunning that we can’t decide which napkin fold is our very favorite design. We find that sometimes the event theme can easily dictate the perfect fold, and often your own personal style is the best way to guide your tabletop plan. You might even find that a napkin ring is the perfect accessory to the napkin. Often at weddings, we even see ribbons tied around napkins for a soft, romantic feel. See a photo below of a funky table setting with delightfully mismatched napkins rings around classic hemstich napkins.
Enjoy all of your event planning ahead of you and start thinking more about one of the smallest details that many in the hospitality industry say has one of the biggest impacts at every function – Napkins Folds! We Love Napkins Folds!
Source Credit: Linens by the Sea